Botany Overview

Botany is a popular choice among students pursuing science subjects in India. It involves the study of plant life and its characteristics. This subject explores various aspects of plant forms, including their structures, growth, uses, and life cycles. The scope of study encompasses everything from the smallest algae or fungi to the largest species of trees. Additionally, botany covers subjects such as agriculture, horticulture, forestry, and environmental issues. If you have a deep fascination for the diverse range of flora on our planet, becoming a botanist is an ideal career path to pursue.

The Botany Department of Parishkar College offers both B.Sc. (undergraduate) and M.Sc. (postgraduate) degree courses.

Objectives Of The Programme

  1. Provide a solid foundation in the principles of plant biology, including anatomy, physiology, taxonomy, and ecological interactions.
  2. Develop critical thinking and analytical skills to study plant diversity, evolution, and adaptation to different environments.
  3. Cultivate practical knowledge of laboratory techniques, fieldwork, and data analysis to conduct research and contribute to botanical knowledge.
  4. Promote an understanding of the importance of plants in ecological, agricultural, and environmental contexts, and foster conservation and sustainability practices.

Programme Outcomes

  1. Knowledge: Students will possess comprehensive knowledge of plant biology and ecology.
  2. Research Skills: Students will be able to conduct scientific research in botany.
  3. Plant Identification: Students will be skilled in identifying diverse plant species.
  4. Conservation: Students will promote the conservation and sustainable use of plant resources.
  5. Communication: Students will effectively communicate scientific concepts related to botany.
  6. Critical Thinking: Students will apply analytical skills to solve complex botanical problems.
  7. Fieldwork: Students will be proficient in field data collection and analysis.
  8. Ethical Awareness: Students will understand and adhere about ethical standards in botanical research. 


BSc with Botany (3years), Honours/Research (4years)


The Undergraduate program in botany is available with a duration of three years i.e. B.SC with botany and four years B.Sc hons./research in botany with inclusion of major courses, minor courses ,ability enhancement courses and skill enhancement courses. Major courses provide in-depth knowledge of botany while minor courses are available as optional subjects viz zoology, chemistry , psychology, geography ,economics etc. and vice versa. Ability enhancement courses provide linguistic development and technological proficiency mainly in computers. Skill enhancement courses like mushroom cultivation are available to students as per their choice for employability and skillfulness.

  • BSc Botany provides a broad overview of various categories of plants, algae, and fungi found on Earth.
  • The program primarily focuses on plant sciences, covering topics such as growth, structure, reproduction, metabolism, diseases, and physiology.
  • The program is diverse, starting from fundamental knowledge about plant cell structure and function and progressing to advanced topics, including the evolution of the plant kingdom.
  • BSc Botany encompasses various fields, including plant science/biology, plant biotechnology (plant breeding, genetics, biochemistry), plant ecology (plant interactions with the environment), mycology (study of fungi), and phycology (study of algae). Plant physiology and anatomy, molecular biology, taxonomy, plant pathology cell biology and microbiology.

BSc Botany  Syllabus 



Botany, a widely chosen field among students pursuing scientific subjects in India, encompasses the comprehensive study of plant life and its unique characteristics. This captivating subject delves into the intricate details of diverse plant forms, encompassing their structures, growth patterns, utility, and life cycles. From the tiniest algae and fungi to the grandest tree species, botany encompasses a broad spectrum of organisms. Moreover, it encompasses a wide range of subjects such as agriculture, horticulture, forestry, and environmental concerns. For those fascinated by the astonishing variety of flora on our planet, embarking on a career as a botanist offers an ideal path to pursue.

Upon obtaining a postgraduate degree, students can explore numerous career avenues. They may choose to enter the realm of academia and become educators or researchers at prestigious universities. Additionally, opportunities abound in both private and government institutions, where botanists can work as environmental consultants, plant explorers, ecologists, conservationists, park rangers, nursery managers, and more.

M.Sc. Botany Syllabus 


Academic & Job Prospects in Botany

  1. Research Scientist: Conducting botanical studies and publishing scientific papers.
  2. Professor: Teaching botany courses and mentoring students in academia.
  3. Curator: Managing botanical collections in museums or botanical gardens.
  4. Conservationist: Preserving plant species and habitats through research and advocacy.
  5. Ecologist: Studying plant interactions in ecosystems and their ecological impact.
  6. Plant Breeder: Developing new plant varieties for agricultural or horticultural purposes.
  7. Product Development Specialist: Creating plant-based products for cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, or food industries.
  8. Sustainability Manager: Implementing green initiatives and sustainable practices in corporate settings.
  9. Environmental Consultant: Assessing and managing the impact of industrial activities on plant ecosystems.
  10. Quality Assurance Analyst: Ensuring compliance with botanical products, standards and regulations.

Several esteemed institutes provide compelling employment prospects for aspiring botanists :

  1. Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi
  2. Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanical Garden and Research Institute (JNTBGRI), Thiruvananthapuram
  3. Botanical Survey of India (BSI), Kolkata
  4. National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI), Lucknow
  5. Forest Research Institute (FRI), Dehradun
  6. Indian Council of Forestry Research and Education (ICFRE), Dehradun
  7. Central Botanical Laboratory (CBL), Howrah
  8. Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Hyderabad
  9. Agharkar Research Institute (ARI), Pune
  10. National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS), Bangalore

Some of the main industries offering employment opportunities to botanists are listed under:

  • Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Companies
  • Agriculture and Agrochemical Companies
  • Environmental Consulting Firms
  • Botanical Gardens and Arboretums
  • Research and Development Organizations
  • Government Agencies and Departments (such as Forestry Departments, Environmental Protection Agencies)
  • Seed and Plant Breeding Companies
  • Herbal and Nutraceutical Companies
  • Natural Resource Management Companies
  • Non-Profit Conservation Organizations


One of the most exciting aspects of botany is the vast diversity of plant species and their unique adaptations to their environments. Learning about different plant structures, functions, and interactions with other organisms has given me a new perspective on the natural world and the importance of conserving biodiversity.”

Ekta Yadav, B.Sc.

 “AS a botany student, I have found this field of study to be incredibly fascinating and rewarding. Through my coursework and hands-on experiences, I have gained a deep understanding and appreciation for the complexity and beauty of plant life.

Seva Yadav B.Sc.

In addition to the intellectual stimulation that comes with studying botany, I have also enjoyed the practical applications of this field. From horticulture to medicinal plant research, there are countless ways in which botany can have a positive impact on society.I highly recommend botany as a field of study to anyone who is curious about the natural world and wants to make a difference in the world through scientific research and practical applications.”

 Kajal Singh B.Sc.

Skilled & Qualified